Famous Small and Big Towns in Kerala

Pinarayi

Pinarayi is at a distance of 20 KM from the district head quarters Kannur. The population is around 29,000. The nearest town and railway station is Thalassery which is 8 Km away. Three sides of my village is surrounded by rivers. Remaining boundaries consists of five panchayats namely, Kadirur, Dharmadam, Peralassery, Vengad, Kottayam and Erancholi.

Arabian sea is just five Km away from here. Main occupation is Beedi manufacturing in which 'DINESH' is having a monopoly. For administrational purposes the Panchayat is divided into two villages Eruvatty and Pinarayi. Pinarayi consists of 15 wards and almost all wards contains one or more primary schools. My village is having all the facilities for cultural and social activities mainly anchored by sports clubs, reading rooms, educational centres, youth organizations and libraries. Pinarayi is having 18 reading rooms , 19 libraries and more than 60 arts and sports clubs. Electricity reached this village in 1958 itself and was inaugurated by then state minister Sri VR Krishna Iyer. Former Deputy Collector Mr. MP Kunhiraman Nair was the first consumer. Totally seven Muslim mosques and forty three Hindu temples are there in this Panchayat.

Pinarayi is a beautiful village which is surrounded by rivers on its three sides. Hundreds of years ago feudal fights between Kottayam and Kolathunadu rulers were common in this village and lot of peoples died during these fights. Due to this, it is believed that, the name Pinarayi was derived from 'Pinam' ( word for dead body in Malayalam). In 1920's itself peasant and teachers organizations were strong in this village and there was a wide support for freedom movement. As a part of freedom movement struggle, 'boycotting foreign cloths' strike was conducted here In 1930. Leaders of this strike were Sri AKG, AK Sankaran Nambiar, Kacherikkandi Chathukkutty and Thattari Kunhiraman. In 1938 seven thousand peasants marched from Pinarayi to Kottayam kovilakam for reducing 'varam and pattam' (rent given by peasants to landlords). It is worth to note that the population of Pinarayi during that time was around 10,000. This was considered as the first instant of unified mass movement against landlordism. AKG, Kundancheri Kunhiraman master, NE Balaram, Pandyala Gopalan Master, Pinarayi Krishnan master and TV Govindan Nair were the leaders.
In 1937 itself a committee of Communist Party was formed in a formal meeting at Kozhikkode that was presided by Com. SV Ghatte. But Kerala unit of Indian communist party started publicly working after its historic conference at Parapram of Pinarayi village in 1939. Communist legendaries like AKG, EMS, P Krishnappilai were present in the conference. Late CPI leader Sri. NE Balaram ( former Industry minister of Kerala and Member of Parliament) was a delegate. Pandyala Gopalan Master , great son of Pinarayi, was a volunteer during the conference.

Pinarayi was very famous for its Hindu-Muslim friendship. When there were communal riots in different parts of Thalassery, this village remained unaffected, which proved the progressive mentality of the public. Hindu communalists attacked several mosques and Muslim houses in and around Thalassery. CPIM leader Pinarayi Vijayan, Velayudhan Nambiar and Chirayi Ananthan played an important role in resisting those communalists and protected minorities.

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